Academic Visitors and Visiting Fellows 2017-18

Dr Franco Luciani 

Dr Franco Luciani

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow

Newcastle University, UK

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The ‘Servi Publici: Everybody’s Slaves’ (SPES) project, which I am carrying out as a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow at the School of History, Classics and Archaeology (Newcastle University), sets out to provide a full-scale reconsideration of the position of public slaves in the Roman economy and society.
During my six-month secondment at the ICS, a crucial part of the SPES project is conducted, i.e. the creation of a free online database, in which every relevant piece of information for the study of the public slaves and freedmen in Rome and in the municipalities of the Empire will be gathered and organised. The database will be divided into four sections, containing respectively records for: 1. textual, iconographic and archaeological sources; 2. places (findspots and present locations); 3. people involved; 4. references to modern scholarship. Following the ‘Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB) online model, each textual source on public slaves will conform to the EpiDoc schema.

Dates of visit: 1 April 2017 - 30 September 2017

Dr Sabrina Di Maria

Sabrina Di Maria

University of Trento

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I study Roman law and my research activity focuses mainly on two lines: on the one hand, the history of the legal thinking of some classical authors and the Compilation of Justinian, and on the other hand, investigations carried out according to the historical-comparative method aimed at identifying the foundations of European law.

During my time at the ICS, I shall be continuing my work on Roman legal thought in the Severian age and particularly on jurist Paul. This study is intended especially to achieve the reconstruction and the commentary of Paul’s books ad edictum IV, V, VI and VII. The research (which is part of a larger project) will include a critical review of previous attempts of palingenetic reconstruction, by taking into particular consideration the Ordo librorum iuris veteris in compilandis digestis observatus, identified by F. Bluhme and subsequently revised by P. Krüger.

Dates of visit: 30 June 2017 to 30 September 2017

Dr Ália Rodrigues

Dr Ália Rodrigues

University of Coimbra

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My research project, “From disbelief to disobedience. On the idea of resistance in Greek and Roman political thought”, aims to examine the history of the idea of disobedience in Greek and Roman political thought. I shall also try to show how the Graeco-Roman world makes a consistent and tangible contribution to the western political and legal tradition of Disobedience from Plato to Ulpian. More specifically, I shall be investigating the relation between law and (dis)obedience in both Greek and Roman intellectual and legal traditions.

Dates of visit: 1 August 2017 - 31 July 2018

Mr Thiago Ribeiro

Mr Thiago Ribeiro

Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

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My present research is related to Ancient Egypt and is centred on the phenomenon of magic spells that make use of threats against the gods and/or the cosmos to ensure the carrying out of the desired magical effect (e.g. a cure for a snake bite). Because of this study, I am very focused on the theme of magic in the Ancient World, especially when it is related to religion, but I have been facing the problem of the lack of good material for this theme in the public libraries to which I have access at home. Thus, my staying at ICS will be an immeasurable help with this part of my studies, since the Institute’s library and support will aid the development of my work.

Dates of visit: 1 August 2017 to 30 September 2017

Dr Susan Bilynskyj Dunning

Dr Susan Bilynskyj Dunning

University of Toronto

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During my stay at the ICS, I will be working on my monograph, The Ludi Saeculares and the Saeculum, which examines the development of the Saecular Games and their relationship to Roman conceptions of time from the Republic to late Empire. The Saecular Games were a complex rite celebrated only once per saeculum (“age” or “century”); through my analysis of literary, numismatic, and epigraphic sources, I show how the rite was changed from a Republican act of supplication performed during crises into a celebration of the advent of a new saeculum. In the process, the emperor’s role in bringing about an age of peace was increasingly highlighted and connected with the establishment of his dynasty. The association between time and the creation and legitimization of imperial authority was such a potent tool that it was adapted, rather than discarded, with the rise of Christianity in Late Antiquity.

Dates of visit: 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2017

Dr Diana Burton 

Dr Diana Burton 

Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

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I am working on a study of Hades and his various avatars. Among the gods, he is an anomaly, as he receives almost no cult and is a notably passive figure, ruling the dead but not adding to their number, for the most part remaining in the underworld (with the notable exception of his abduction of Persephone), separated from the other gods.  Although primarily identified as ‘the god of death’, Hades is in actuality multifaceted: at one extreme he is an (apparently) benign god of agricultural fertility (as Plouton); at the other extreme is the literary and epigraphic trope of the violent divinity cruelly seizing the living.  At the ICS, I will be working primarily on two distinct sections of the book, both of which pertain to the iconography of Hades: the pinakes from Locri Epizephyrii and the representations of Hades in Attic vase-painting.

Dates of visit: 1 August 2017 - 31 October 2017 

Professor Jeffrey Tatum 

Professor Jeffrey Tatum 

Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

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While at the Institute I will be working on a new biography of Mark Antony. During my stay, I’ll be investigating Antony’s administration of the eastern provinces.  I especially want to explore Antony’s adaptation and exploitation of ‘court culture’ in projecting his power in the east (and, of course and inevitably, in the west). His decisions about the deployment of Hellenistic expressions of authority remain vital to our understanding of his eastern career and his ultimate political ambitions – as well as Octavian’s ostentatiously Italian response to the attractions of Antony’s self-fashioning.

Dates of visit: 1 August 2017 - 31 October 2017

Dr Nikoletta Manioti 

KCL/Birkbeck

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During my stay at the ICS, I will work on my monograph Sisters in Latin Epic. In this book I discuss all surviving epic texts written in Latin, focusing on the Augustan and Early Imperial era, and compare them to earlier and contemporary sources in both Greek and Latin whether they purport to show fictional or historical sisters. The aims of the project are to demonstrate the particular roles that sister figures are called to play in their respective poems; to highlight points of contact with general or specific examples of sisterly behaviour in Roman literary and non-literary contexts; and to argue for a creative integration within Latin epic of normative assumptions and stereotypes concerning Roman sisters.

Dates of visit: 1 September 2017 - 31 August 2018

Mr Brandon Braun 

University of California, Los Angeles

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I study monuments and memorials, with an interest in how particular memories are curated through the build up of monuments. Thus far in my PhD research, I have focused on how monuments of battles, whether on the battlefield or in sanctuary and city spaces, impact spaces while they themselves are impacted by their surroundings. I have restricted myself to battles in the classical period that have known battlefield monuments, such as the Persian Wars battles (Marathon, Salamis, etc.), Leuktra, and Chaeronea. For each of these, I also look at the landscape before the battlefield monuments (e.g. the relationship between the prehistoric tumuli and the Classical soros at Marathon) and long after (e.g. the depictions of Marathon in watercolours).

Dates of visit: 1 September 2017 - 31 December 2017

Dr Katarzyna Jazdzewska

Katarzyna Jazdzewska

Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw

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While at the Institute I will work on my monograph on post-Platonic dialogue, which will offer a comprehensive examination of evidence concerning dialogue composition from the second half of the fourth century BCE down to the end of the Hellenistic period. The project entails a re-examination of fragments and testimonies of post-Platonic authors as well as collation of papyri fragments identified as remains of dialogues. Such investigation will allow us to bridge the gap, as far as the evidence makes it possible, between Plato and Xenophon on one hand, and Cicero, Plutarch, and other Greco-Roman authors on the other and to understand better the diversity of dialogue formats and themes we encounter in ancient literature of the imperial period.

Dates of visit: 1 October 2017 - 31 December 2017

Mr Simone Mucci 

La Sapienza, Rome

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During my stay at Institute of Classical Studies, I will translate into English Galen's two books On Antidotes (De Antidotis). In addition to famous recipes of antidotes (written both in prose and in verse: a peculiar feature of some Galenic pharmacological works), like the Theriac - a very expensive drug often used by Roman Emperors like Nero and Marcus Aurelius - I am most interested in language, style and the manuscript transmission of the work. At Institute of Classical Studies I will make a good preparatory work for my doctoral research, i.e. the critical edition of the first book of De Antidotis

Dates of visit: 1 October 2017 - 31 March 2018

Dr Thomas Hooper

During my stay at the Institute I shall first and foremost be completing my book, Democracy and Demagogy: Political Leadership and the Emergence of Athenian Democracy, due to be published by The Classical Press of Wales. This book is driven by a conviction that prevailing scholarly narratives are unduly sceptical of the reality of Athenian democracy for a large portion of the fifth century B.C., and aims to demonstrate that the essential characteristics of ‘full’ democracy – both the formal sovereignty of the Athenian dēmos and its practical ability to control the active minority of Athenian political leaders – were firmly established no later than the 480s B.C. Once this book is complete I will also be embarking on one or two smaller-scale research projects, including a study of representations of Sparta in the corpus of the Attic Orators.

Dates of visit: 1 October 2017 - 30 June 2018

Dr Xavier Espluga 

Dr Xavier Espluga

University of Barcelona

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Early Humanists' descriptions of ancient Rome constitute a particular antiquarian genre that goes beyond medieval descriptions of Rome and her churches (the so-called Mirabilia), combining information given by ancient sources with contemporary autopsies of the city’s ruins. During my stay I will work on the ‘anonymus Magliabechianus’, an early Renaissance description of ancient Rome. The first task is to establish a new critical edition of the text, using the manuscripts of the two main branches and comparing their readings. Once the critical text has been established, I will proceed with the study and commentary of the text. One of the first things to do will be the identification of ancient sources used by the anonymous author in his description of ancient Rome. .

Dates of visit: 1 October 2017 - 30 September 2018

Dr Amy Coker 

Most of my work at the moment is on the language of the human body in Greek, specifically on cataloguing, describing, and exploring the significance of the vocabulary of sex, defecation, and the ‘edges’ of the body, and how words for these actions and body parts overlap with the broader category of offensive language and insult. In the longer term I am working towards writing what is in essence a Greek companion to Adams’ Latin Sexual Vocabulary, setting the vocabulary of Old Comedy alongside the language of medical writers and that which is preserved in ephemeral texts such as papyri and graffiti. During 2017-2018 I am working on two papers on aspects of this bigger project: the first is on the use of offensive speech by Aristophanes to delineate and delegitimise subaltern or ‘out’ groups, and the second on a little-known Greek treatise by Suetonius entitled On Insults (Περὶ βλασφημιῶν), in particular on how this work is both a mix of backward-looking antiquarianism, and something rather more vested in Suetonius’ present.

Dates of visit: 13 October 2017 - 30 September 2018

Professor Manuel Álvarez Martí-Aguilar 

 

Professor Manuel Álvarez Martí-Aguilar 

University of Malaga

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I am studying the impact of tsunamis in the symbolic systems of the Ancient World, taking the Gulf of Cádiz as a case study. I review literary traditions on Cádiz (Gadir-Gades) through Phoenician, Roman and Islamic ages, incorporating also archaeological data in order to identify any indications of the impact this type of cataclysm had on south-western shores of the Iberian Peninsula between c. 1000 B.C and 1000 A.D. I want to elucidate how this phenomenon is perceived and processed in collective imagination, how it is incorporated into religious narratives and what type of apotropaic practices are generated in communities enduring such a cataclysm in Antiquity.

Date of visit: 17 October 2017 - 12 December 2017

Mr Daniel Hanigan 

Daniel Hanigan

University of Sydney

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My research aims to elucidate the rhetorical and theological function(s) of etymology in the writings of the second-century Christian apologist, Clement of Alexandria. It focusses particularly on Clement’s etymologies of the names of Greek divinities. Although scholars have long been aware of the persistent use of etymology throughout all of his extant writings, almost no effort has been made to interpret them as working within his overall apologetic strategy. This project sets out to rectify this omission. It first contextualises Clement as a product of the so-called Second Sophistic, the new efflorescence of Greek literature and culture that underscored the elite intellectual discourses of the High Roman Empire. Having established this, it argues that etymology was intrinsically coloured with the literary pedigree of 'Old-Greece', and was thus a powerful weapon in the arsenal of a Christian apologist working within this movement. It then makes the case that Clement is one of the earliest exponents of Christian Apophaticism (colloquially termed ‘negative theology’), and that these etymologies serve as a rhetorical exercise which refutes the divine status of the Greek Pantheon by demonstrating the effability of its constituents.

Dates of visit: 1 December 2017 - 31 December 2017

Professor Anthony Corbeill 

Professor Antony Corbeill 

Dorothy Tarrant Fellow

University of Virginia

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While at the ICS I will be writing a historical and philological commentary on Cicero's speech De haruspicum responsis ("On the Responses of the Soothsayers"), co-authored with Prof. Andrew Riggsby (University of Texas, Austin). Delivered in 56 BCE, the oration features Cicero analyzing a priestly response to recent earth tremors. Romans deemed such events as ruptures in the natural world that must be explained. When narrating periods of crisis, Roman historians write of hermaphrodites discovered, or of animals exhibiting distinctly unanimal-like behavior. Although several texts allude to the treatment of prodigies, this speech uniquely provides a vivid, contemporary account, and offers the only text of a response to a prodigy worked up by a college of priests (here, the Etruscan haruspices). The oration also contains some of Cicero's fiercest invective, delivered in the highly mannered style characterizing the speeches that he delivered upon his return from exile.

Dates of visit: 16 December 2017 - 15 March 2018

Professor Gerlinde Huber-Rebenich 

Professor Gerlinde Huber

University of Bern

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The main focus of my research is on the reception of the classics - namely of Ovid`s Metamorphoses - in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. At the moment I am preparing a critical edition of a late medieval/early modern commentary on the Metamorphoses, the so-called Expositio, by Giovanni del Virgilio, a teacher of rhetoric and an early humanist poet from the circle of Dante and Mussato. The text goes back to a lecture series given at the University of Bologna in 1322/23. It is of interest not least because of its importance for the history of academia and pedagogy. It represents a new approach to the handling of classical authors: while the commentary on the first book of the Metamorphoses remains entirely indebted to the scholastic method, it then changes to a novella-like paraphrase of the Ovidian myths with supplementary information designed to facilitate the audience the understanding of the Ovidian cosmos.

Dates of visit: 1 January 2018 - 30 April 2018

Dr Sophie Mills 

Dr Sophie Mills

University of North Carolina at Asheville

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I am delighted to return to the library of the Institute of Classical Studies where I wrote some of my doctoral dissertation on Theseus and Athens about 25 years ago. I am now returning to some of the themes of the dissertation that became my first book, Theseus, Tragedy and the Athenian Empire (Oxford University Press, 1997) in a book on Thucydides and the popular education that the Athenians received through the funeral speeches, tragedy and public art. “The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” So claim the Athenians (Thuc. 5.89.1) as they attempt to force the people of Melos to submit to their overpowering empire. Yet every year, the Athenians would gather at the public cemetery to hear speeches which praised Athens as the only city in Greece strong and wise enough to uphold Greek laws by saving the weak from the undeserved predations of the strong. My book will explore the contradiction between these two Athenian sentiments, arguing that Thucydides’ highly critical approach to the Athenian empire does not reflect how the average Athenian saw his city’s power. The popular education of the Athenians, as presented to them in funeral speeches, drama and public art told a very different story from that presented by Thucydides’ history, and it was far more palatable to ordinary Athenians by offering them a highly flattering portrayal of their city and, by extension, each individual who made up that city.

Dates of visit: 7 January 2018 - 31 March 2018

Ms Annamária-Izabella Pázsint 

Ms Annamaria Pazsint

Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

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My current research, which overlaps with my PhD thesis, tackles the private associations from the Greek cities of the Black Sea area, and it aims to offer an extensive view on the associative phenomenon. Amongst other things, the research provides a close-up look on the members of these associations, and on the network systems created both on the inside and on the outside of the associations. In my work I am eager to apply techniques and methodologies coming from other fields of study, in order to provide a comprehensive outlook on the topics I deal with. Due to the fact that my current dataset consists of almost 2000 individuals, I have found it useful to record it in a database, and to analyse it also through the lens of Social Network Analysis. During my stay at the ICS I have two main goals: to work on the onomastic chapter of my thesis, and to give a paper to the Institute’s Post-Graduate Work-in-Progress Seminar, on the 12th of January 2018, where I will present some of the results of my research.

Dates of visit: 10 January 2018 - 20 January 2018

Professor Niall W Slater 

Professor Niall W. Slater 

T.B.L. Webster Fellow

Emory University

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During my time at the ICS I shall be continuing my work in editing and translating the fragments of Caecilius Statius as part of the new Loeb Library edition of Fragmentary Republican Latin. Caecilius was part of the second generation of Roman stage authors and one of the first to specialize in writing only comedy. Like Terence, Caecilius came to Rome as a slave but was freed and became a master of the Latin language. Caecilius's comedies, like those of Plautus, stage Romans playing at being Greeks. While his linguistic style and use of stock characters shares much with his immediate predecessors in the palliata, many terms and hints at novel plot devices suggest Caecilius had a greater interest in the social, economic, and political world to the east of Rome. Despite the comments of later Roman critics such as Aulus Gellius, Caecilius's aim may not have been so much to reincarnate Menander from the century before as to reimagine a Rome much engaged with the contemporary Greek world..

Dates of visit: mid-March 2018 – early June 2018

Professor Joshua Katz 

Professor Joshua Katz 

Dorothy Tarrant Fellow

Princeton University

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During my time at the ICS, I will be thinking and writing about the language of Archaic Greek poetry from a historical/comparative linguistic perspective. In a number of recent papers, I have considered how our earliest Greek hexametric works begin: at the level of individual words (e.g., θεά in Iliad 1.1), collocations (Apellicon’s alternative incipit to the Iliad and the enigmatic question about oak and rock in Theogony 35) and larger units (the proem of the Works & Days). I intend to build on these in a series of further studies, making the case for the importance of reading Homer, the Homeric Hymns and especially Hesiod with the evidence of other Indo-European traditions in mind. What I hope to argue above all is that there is no author for whom the perspective from the West as well as the East face of Helicon is more fruitful than Hesiod.

Dates of visit: 9 April 2018 - 1 June 2018

Professor Jaime Alvar Ezquerra

Prof Jaime Alvar Ezquerra

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

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My research inquiry focuses on the tantalizing reception of "Oriental" deities into the Roman provinces of Hispania. With the support of the research project ORINS (“Oriental Religions in Spain”), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Innovation, I have compiled a database of relevant documents. By evaluating and cataloguing the divine manifestations of the Gens Isiaca, Mithras, and Mater Magna-Attys, it has proved possible to improve our understanind of how these cults were culturally expressed and lived. At the Institute of Classical Studies, I will synthesise the practices of the cultores involved in the worship of Mater Magna and Attys, investigating questions of  individual and social agency, the networks concerned with its reception, and their religious significance in the context of the local polytheism. My residency as reciprocal Chair of Excellence, in tandem with Professor Greg Woolf, is supported by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the Banco Santander Foundation.

Dates of visit: 15 April 2018 - 15 July 2018

Professor Oren Tal

Prof Oren Tal

Tel Aviv University

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As an archaeologist my area of expertise is the material culture of the classical- and medieval-period Near East and its social, political and economic implications. I am interested in a long span of time from the Iron Age II through the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic and Crusader periods. I am also engaged in the study of the early indigenous Levantine coinages (of the Persian and Hellenistic periods) and the development of monetary economy; West-Semitic and Greek epigraphy; ancient technologies (primary and secondary glass production, agricultural products processing, archaeo-metallurgy); and intercultural contacts. In recent years I published monographs and articles that reflect my efforts to improve thematic interests and to develop new methods and approaches, interdisciplinary in nature, using archaeological evidence for historical analysis in order to gain a better understanding of ancient societies.

Dates of visit: 1 August 2018 - 31 July 2019